The Doctor's Consultation: Is depression going up?
by Dr. Iain Corness
Unfortunately, when you look at writing something about
depression, it can be depressing, all on its own! Depression is unfortunately
an integral part of life and living, and there cannot be many people who can
say they have never been depressed in their lifetime. Does this mean we are
all mentally disturbed? Fortunately, no!
Whilst we all sail between depression and elation (which we
medico’s call Euphoria, just to be different), it is only when the mood
stays down in the depths that it becomes a problem. The (relative) highs and
lows are just part of the normal range. When your cat dies you feel sad, and
when you win 10,000 baht you feel great. These are “normal”.
However, the extremes of these moods do exist in the
community, and are very prevalent. When we begin to look at the various
incidence rates the whole situation can become quite interesting. Did you
know, for example, that women get depressed twice as much as men, but the
suicide rate for men is five times that for women? Did you also know that the
World Health Organization (WHO) is predicting that by the year 2020 depression
will be the major contributing factor to the burden of disease in the
developing world (and that could be us, if the baht stabilizes and all these
Free Trade Agreements work)!
Other interesting facts emerge from the world-wide study of
depression. In women, the highest rates of depression occur in the 18-24 year
age group, while in men it peaks in the 35-44 year age group. Men really are
from Mars and Women are from Venus perhaps?
Of course, the statisticians have managed to come up with
other associations, which may or may not be relevant. Such as the statistic
that 50 percent of people with depression also suffer from some physical
problem or illness. For me, it is a case of the chicken and the egg. Which
came first? Are these people depressed because they have an illness or does
the depression make them more prone to illness? The answer is probably a bit
of both. For example, the risk of Ischaemic Heart Disease (Angina and the
like) is three times greater in men diagnosed as having depression, and it has
also been found that depression is present in 45 percent of patients admitted
to hospital with a heart attack.
So what kind of person gets depression? The personality
profile includes those who are “worriers”, perfectionists, shy and
socially anxious, and those with low self esteem. It also includes people with
low thyroid function, infectious diseases, cerebral (brain) blood vessel
disease through diabetes of increased blood pressure, chronic pain and
The apparent differences between women and men may also be
more imagined than real. That females report twice as much depression as males
may be a reflection of the male upbringing, where boys are taught that it is
“weak” to show their emotions, which subsequently results in
under-reporting their symptoms.
So what can be done about this depression epidemic?
Fortunately modern treatment is producing some worthwhile drugs which can
elevate the mood without making the person into a zombie. However, medication
should not be thought of as the only way to go about it. A pocketful of pills
and you are instantly better is not what happens. There should also be careful
psychological assessment and assistance given with the planning of activities,
the sleep cycle and structured problem solving.
Early intervention is important too, so if you are getting
depressed, now might be the time to do something about it.
The plaintiff (sic) letter from Lemonade has touched my soul. (“I am
trying to buy a second-hand car. I don’t have much to spend, but I want
a good one. I have trudged in and out of so many car sales outlets, I am
starting to get depressed. The sales people don’t want to talk to me and
none of them seem to be able to speak English. Don’t they want to shift
the vehicles in their forecourts? Have you any foolproof way to make sure
I don’t buy a lemon? Lemonade.” August 6th) I have a car parked up in
Thailand that he can have. It’s a Corolla, bought new by myself about 13
years ago and this is accident-free, has been regularly serviced and
hardly driven (65K Km only). It has been parked up at the home of a Thai
friend for many years and looked after by his driver.
If Lemonade can come up with 175K baht it’s his and good luck to him. He
needs to contact me at [email protected] for more information as I am in
UK at present.
Keith B. Bradbury
Thank you for responding to Lemonade’s plaintive (not ‘plaintiff’,
Petal, that’s a legal term) letter. If she (it was a she, not a he) has
not managed to get something by now, expect an email. Since this is being
printed in the column, there might even be others reading this who could
be needing a 1992 Corolla. May the fleetest of foot be the winner. I must
admit I never thought I would end up being a car saleslady! Do I get a
I think most of the problems that I read about between the farangs and the
local Thai ladies really must just be communication. If the farangs knew
what these women wanted, they would be able to live better than they do.
Do you agree it’s just communication, Hillary? (I won’t call you
“Petal” as you might get upset!)
You have got to be joking, Jerry (I won’t call you Petal, as that is too
good a term to be wasted). The ladies that I hear about in these columns
have no problems with communications at all. “Darling, buy me motorcy so
I can go to market and get things for you.” He understands, and he does.
“Darling, buy me house so I have place for you when you come back.” He
understands, and he does. “Darling, buy me gold so I can give to my
mother.” He understands, and he does. Every week there are outpourings
from another broken farang heart, who understood what was being asked of
him, and handed over, despite all the books, articles and the wisest
advice in my columns. Advice given in English, so the lad from Birmingham
cannot claim he didn’t understand the advice either! These people
don’t want to hear about the traps, and that’s what they are. Traps,
and nothing else. They blind themselves and end up paying the
consequences, both in emotional grief and in cleaned out bank accounts.
The ladies communicate very well, Jerry. It is the farangs that cannot
communicate with their own brains that is the problem. They let another
part of their anatomy do the thinking, and it isn’t too bright either.
Would you like a success story for your column? Remember the song “I got
you babe” (Sunny and Cher) about two people who fall in love and think
love will pay the bills? Well it does not work in the UK or America or
anywhere, as we all know. Two years ago I met a bar girl in Chiangmai who
was from Isaan. She was intelligent and very proud of her family - did not
like her work - but as many do, did it for survival reasons. She went back
to her village two months after I met her and has now her pride back and
works in a simple family business and earns less than 150 baht a day. I
send her money every month and visit her village two times a year - and
when I visit I am treated like a family member by all her family. We
intend to get married in one year’s time and I know you have got to
provide for the one you love, no matter where you live in the world, but
the rewards in Thailand are well worth it.
A success Story
Dear A success Story,
Hillary prints success stories, when successes send them in, but the
successful ones are people who are happy in their relationship and do not
need advice from Hillary, so this is one reason why you do not read them
too often. Your point is well taken and should be understood by everyone
who is contemplating entering a relationship anywhere in the world. Love
(alone) does not pay the bills. There is an obligation to provide and I am
very pleased to see that you have accepted that, and that it is working
out for you, but remember too that one couple is not every couple. And
also, you have a little way to go yet, my Petal! Interesting that you
picked on that Sunny and Cher song - remember what happened to them?
Camera Class: What makes a prize winner?
by Harry Flashman
One of the regular readers of this column wrote in to ask
just what makes a “good” photo, so I thought I would go back to the days
when I was a judge at amateur photography club competitions. And a thankless
task it was too! You make one person in 50 very happy and alienate 49. Turn down
all offers of being a judge.
are many ways of marking a photo competition entry, and some judges have
separate scoring columns, something like wine judges. They look at and give
points for composition, sharpness, appropriateness of subject matter, the zone
system, tonal values and so it goes on. Very technical, very demanding and very
time consuming. And not all that accurate, as I have often seen judges
retrospectively awarding or removing points because in the end picture number 43
“looks” better than picture number 27 which somehow got more marks!
Judging photographs is like judging wine - very subjective,
forget the objectivity! When I judge a photograph, the initial impact is what is
important. Does the photograph leap off the wall, or does it hang there limp
like last year’s calendar?
After the initial impact, I then look to see how the impact
was achieved. Was it through colour, or contrast, or subject matter, or cropping
or design? And then, was that impact done in a technically correct manner?
Many amateur photographers also think that if the judges are
going to like a photograph of a fungus, they will be twice as impressed with two
fungus photographs, and three fungus photographs must surely get them a gold
medal! For some reason known only to amateur photography clubs, these entries
are always entitled Fungi I, Fungi II and Fungi III.
Probably the most important attribute to any photograph is
for the judge to immediately work out what the shot is about. Who or what is the
“hero”? It really has to jump out at you, which gets us back to what I call
the First Rule of Photography, which is to walk several meters closer before you
pop the shutter.
The other factor that will detract from the impact is fussy
backgrounds that distract the eye from the central subject. Even fungi! Always
be aware of backgrounds and try to select some better ones, or move the
subjects, to make a more pleasing result. Good photographs do not happen. Good
photographs are made! I might call that the Second Rule of Photography.
It is only at this stage that I begin to look at the
technical details. Is the shot in focus? Is the horizon horizontal? Is the print
processed sharply with good colour rendition?
I should have mentioned that the size and framing is
important too. No judge at a photo comp is going to struggle to squint at a 6x4
print, no matter how good it is in other respects. The size you get back from
your friendly photo shop is related, in most instances, to the size of a 35 mm
negative. The 6x4 print is very roughly of the same proportions as the 35 mm
negative, so what you see on the negative can be reproduced on the photographic
paper. This is great in theory, but does not necessarily correspond to the
subject you want to photograph. Not everything, or everyone, fits neatly into a
6x4 format. Enlarge (and crop where necessary) to around an 8R size (10x8) at
least; however, do not go too big, or your print will tend to lose sharpness and
definition, and the colours will tend to lose their intensity.
A simple frame should also be used, to keep the main feature
being the (hopefully) prize winning photograph. Gilt carved heavy wooden frames
take away from the impact, not otherwise.
So what really does make that prize winner? In a word, it all comes down to
impact. If you have a shot that, in your opinion, has the power to jump off the
wall, get it blown up to an 8R, simply framed and hang it in your home. As I
mentioned at the outset, the end result is subjective, so your opinion is just
as important as mine. Just don’t shoot fungi!
Dogs - Man’s best friend:
Sight-hounds – Breed group No.10
This last group of the FCI breed group classification is
the Sight-hounds. They are the oldest type of hunting dogs, tracing their
ancestry approximately 5,000 yeas ago in the Middle East as high-status
hunting dogs in ancient civilizations, and then spread to Europe, Russia and
Hound: originally bred for hunting the fox and gazelle and guarding the
As the breed group’s name already indicates, they were
specially bred for tracking down their prey by sight rather than by scent.
Two hunting methods can be distinguished: 1. Chase-catch-and-kill explaining
their ‘hardness’ in the mouth, contrary to the soft mouth of the
retrievers that weren’t allowed to damage the prey in any way, or 2.
Chase-catch-and-secure the prey until the human hunter arrives, due to local
religious traditions that required the game to be killed in a ritual manner.
Depending on these hunting methods and on the way they
were transported, two types of dogs can be recognized, the finely built ones
and the more heavier built ones, in three coat varieties, long haired, rough
haired and short haired.
Some examples are the Saluki: a finely built long haired
dog, transported on top of the camel. As soon as it detected the game it
needed to jump off and chase it. The Afghan Hound, a more heavily built dog
with a long coat, running with the hunter and used for hunting large game in
mountains where it could be very hot during the day and extreme cold during
the night. At night they were supposed to guard the tents. The Deerhound and
Irish Wolfhound, heavy built rough haired closely related breeds and,
therefore, hard to be distinguished by the layman. Short-haired and finely
built breeds are the Whippet and Greyhound. Due to their task as hunting
dogs all are slender, elongated, fast-running athletes, which have great
acceleration power and can reach enormous speeds.
The character of a Sight-hound is two-fold. Inside the
house they are quiet easy-going, balanced dogs, and although a little
reserved towards strangers, in general they are friendly towards people and
other animals. They love company and prefer to play doormat on large
comfortable cushions. Typical for a Sight-hound is their very independent
character, often in a reserved, almost arrogant, way. You could compare them
with cats: ‘they may have an owner, but they certainly do not have
Once outside their true hunting nature will come out.
Always alerted by everything that moves, and once spotted it is hard
stopping them from chasing it. This does not imply, by the way, that these
dogs are not trainable. The unfortunate truth of the myth that Sight-hounds
are hardly trainable comes from a lack proper training, naturally resulting
in hard to control dogs, but this is due to the owner, not to the dog.
For more information on dog-issues, dog and cat boarding, training or
behavior please contact LuckyDogs: 09 99 78 146 or visit www.luckydogs.info
Money Matters: A short history of nearly every fiat currency
MBMG International Ltd.
Since peaking at 121.29 in July 2001, the U.S. Dollar
Index (DXY) depreciated by 33.72% in U.S. dollar terms, reaching a cyclical
low of 80.39 in December 2004. However, the move to 80.39 remained above a
textbook triple bottom pattern that formed between 1991-1995, as a series of
bullish divergences formed on the monthly stochastic study. In addition, the
valuation metrics denoted in the monthly studies had been lingering in
oversold territory since late 2002. With a possible retracement magnified by
the establishment of a potential Elliott Wave structure as prices tested the
aforementioned triple bottom, a significant technical development took place
Specifically, the monthly close above the descending
channel top at 84.08 confirmed the valuation concerns and wave counts, by
producing a bullish long term trend reversal for the DXY. From a technical
standpoint, price action indicates that market sentiment has begun to shift
in favour of the USD. This caused us to shift from our long-held bearish
technical view of the USD to bullish.
The bullish trend reversal was also accompanied by a buy
signal on the stochastic study, thereby adding even more credence to the
breakout. Another key fact to note is that this trend reversal actually took
place one month before the political fallout in Europe. As such, the outcome
of the European referenda did not serve as a catalyst for the actual trend
reversal in the DXY, but it provided enough follow through to validate the
reversal. (see graph 1)
With the recent correlation breakdown between gold and
the DXY providing additional reinforcement to the USD, support at 85.68 and
82.00 is expected to contain pullbacks for an attempt to close above initial
resistance that is located nearby at 90.49. A monthly close above 90.49
would re-affirm our bullish outlook and project additional gains to our
long-term target at 92.50 (the high for 2004), followed by 94.32 (the
November 2003 high). Note that 23.6% retracement of the January
2002-December 2004 decline is located near initial resistance at 90.00, with
38.2% Fibonacci retracement located just above the November 2003 high at
95.88. (see graph 2)
Prices will have to close below 81.03 on a monthly basis
in order to neutralize the bullish trend reversal from April.
After reaching a low of 0.8232 in October 2000, EUR/USD
reversed course and rallied to a cyclical high of 1.3663 in late 2004. This
move represented a 39.75% depreciation in the USD over roughly 4 years.
However, the long-term rally in EUR/USD began to show signs of exhaustion in
December 2004 when prices formed a double top at 1.3561 on a monthly closing
With the monthly stochastic study producing a series of
bearish divergences after lingering at overbought levels since early 2003,
the probability of a price retracement increased dramatically. While this
later triggered a valuation-driven retracement, the resulting monthly close
below the ascending channel base at 1.2931 in May produced a bearish
long-term trend reversal while simultaneously confirming a terminal 5-wave
Elliott Wave structure. This caused us to shift from our long-held bullish
technical view of EUR/USD to bearish.
Similar to the DXY, the bearish trend reversal was also
accompanied by a sell signal on the stochastic study, thereby increasing
support for a more favourable view of the USD. As this trend reversal took
place simultaneously with the political fallout in Europe and the decoupling
of the positive correlation between EUR/USD and gold prices, evidence began
to appear that gold was serving as an alternative to the USD. (see graph
With political uncertainly set to continue to weigh on
EUR/USD over the short-term, the bearish long-term channel breakout
indicates that corrections to resistance at 1.2462 and 1.2743 should attract
selling pressure for an attempt to test the double bottom from 2004 at
1.1762, which serves as our primary price target. A monthly close below this
level would project additional losses toward secondary support at 1.1536 and
1.1383. Note that 23.6% retracement of the October 2000-December 2004
advance at 1.2381 has already been exceeded, with 38.2% Fibonacci
retracement conveniently located just above our secondary support level at
Prices will have to close above 1.3056 on a monthly basis
in order to nullify our bearish long-term view.
Continued next week...
The above data and research was compiled from sources
believed to be reliable. However, neither MBMG International Ltd nor its
officers can accept any liability for any errors or omissions in the above
article nor bear any responsibility for any losses achieved as a result of
any actions taken or not taken as a consequence of reading the above
article. For more information please contact Alan Hall on
Life in the Laugh Lane: The Whole Doggone Story
by Scott Jones
My home in America sat on a street lined with
other 100 year old houses separated by skinny driveways. It looked good inside
and outside, but there was a rotting structure in between held together by
immortal asphalt siding, new roof shingles and 17 coats of paint on the
interior walls. Some days it insulated us from 40 below weather but never from
our neighbor’s lives. When the woman next door took a long shower, we’d run
out of hot water. Nights resounded with Neil Diamond hits from the 70s on one
side and Dog Hell on the other.
perfect dog next door, preferably dead.
Our nicer-than-nice neighbor worked nights at a local bar.
Always pleasant and friendly, he even watered our lawn and garden when we were
out of town. However, his two pleasant and friendly dogs, the familiar Brown
Dog and the popular Grey Dog from the Heinz 57 breed became Satan’s Dogs when
he left for work. They’d stand on their doghouse roof, howling incessantly at
anything: anyone walking by, another dog barking in another state, the moon,
the streetlight posing as the moon, one of the stars in the sky, whatever.
Neighbors complained, but he never got it because, although the lights were on
in his head and his house, he wasn’t home. Perpetually pleasant and friendly,
he was hard to hate.
I like dogs. The concepts of encasing their heads in duct
tape, Superglue in their Puppy Chow or a neighborhood Mystery Meat BBQ were not
options. For a formal complaint the police said I’d need documented proof,
barking timetables, and signatures from anyone that had died due to the noise.
Then I’d have to stand up in court with Mr. Friendly Who Waters My Lawn. In
the dead of winter, I set a recorder on the fence to document the racket and
gathered testimonies from neighbors. One morning my daughter, very sick with
the flu, staggered downstairs moaning about the barking that had kept her awake
all night. I snapped. Time for immediate creative problem solving. I got a
dirty, crumpled scrap of paper and pencil. With a left-handed, nearly illegible
scrawl, I wrote “If the dogs bark again, they will be killed” and put the
note in his mailbox. We never heard the dogs again. They lived in his basement.
Soon he moved away from us local savages. A five-minute solution without police
intervention, vigilante activities or the People’s Court!
The key to success may have been the apartment building
across the alley from his house. Filled with foreign folks from Somalia,
Pakistan and other exotic countries, he probably imagined they had sabers,
crossbows or hand grenades provided by the US government … and ate dog
regularly. He was just a corn-fed, simple boy from the state of Iowa which
stands for Idiots Out Walking Around, Imbecile On Wheels Ahead or Island Of
I doubt this technique would work here with the stray Soi Dog Breed that
still guards your entire community which was once the camping ground of his
ancestral, nomadic, Neanderthal owners during the Ice Age. If your neighbors
received the note, they’d most likely offer to help with the killing or
request an invitation for dinner.