NEWS
HEADLINES [click on headline to view story]:

PAO readies for schools transfer despite teacher protests

84 men to enter monkhood for HM the King’s birthday

Ministry sets up center for protection of human trafficking victims

A place in the sun for Mae Hong Son families

PM petitioned over forest water source

Transport companies in conflict turn to government

Police on high alert for visitor security during high season

Lovers of Chiang Mai Association want info on projects

Disaster prevention office warns people at risk from cold weather

Monks and Lanna Dog Rescue condemn exotic wildlife idea

Mae Ping flood prevention scheme to go to deputy PM

Scouts and Guides pay homage to King Rama VI

Seminar discusses ways of turning remote regions away from opium growing

Musical motorcycles the latest fad

And the lucky number is 9999 at 1.75 million baht

Frosts and fogs descend as temperatures plunge

Crackdown to eliminate lewd materials and websites in December

Teenager unconscious after playing online games for 5 hours

50,000 baht reward for capture of gold thief

Three suspected drug dealers shot dead in border gunfight

Karen schoolboys killed by bomb

Alcohol store burns after owners charged for illegal trading

German woman injured in ride-by bag snatch

PAO readies for schools transfer despite teacher protests

Saksit Meesubkwang

Chiang Mai Provincial Administration Organization has accepted the policy to transfer education institutes to its control, although there has been considerable dissent amongst teachers in the province.

Chiang Mai PAO members raise hands agreeing with a policy to transfer school management to the PAO.

President of the Chiang Mai PAO Chaichatree Limjaroon on November 14 chaired a meeting at Chiang Mai Plaza Hotel to discuss the new policy.

Kanapon Pinkaew, deputy chief executive of the PAO, said that as the Department of Local Administration had announced the transfer would take place in 2006, there was now an urgency to finalize the details.

A committee has been set up as per Ministry of Interior policy, with its members including Kamchorn Saiwong-in, Sawet Wiangthong, Thanut Supasri, Chaichatree Limjaroon, Niwat Chatwararat and Watthana Suwan.

Chaichatree said that the PAO had consulted with elementary and middle-high schools in five education areas beginning in 2004. There were three separate groups. In one group, 200 schools intended transferring to the PAO, the second group said it only wanted to be supported by the PAO, while the third group does not want to come under the PAO at all. The last two groups have a maximum of only 20 schools.

The PAO could not accept all 200 schools at the same time, said Chaichatree. There will be only one school per district over the 22 districts and two sub-districts, and one school from five education areas, totaling 29 schools, that the PAO is able to accept.

He added that Chiang Mai PAO had been ready to manage education in schools since 2004. Commenting on the resistance by teachers in some provinces, Chaichatree said they did not fully understand the transfer process and what it involved.


84 men to enter monkhood for HM the King’s birthday

Preeyanoot Jittawong

The solemn hair shaving ceremony is one of the rituals performed before men enter the monkhood.

A ceremony for 84 men to enter the monkhood as part of the celebrations surrounding the 78th birthday of His Majesty the King, and the 60th anniversary of His Majesty’s accession to the throne, was conducted at Wat Phra Sing Woramahawiharn on November 25-26.

This is part of a national ordination, at which 790 men throughout the country entered temples within their own regions.

The ceremony began on the night of November 25 and continued to the morning of 26th. Many residents joined in with the activities.

The 84 newly ordained monks in Chiang Mai will stay at Wat Ram Pueng from November 26 to December 6, a total of 11 days.

84 men entering monkshood joined a parade from the Three Kings Monument.


Ministry sets up center for protection of human trafficking victims

Saksit Meesubkwang

The Ministry of Social Development and Human Security has set up a center to counter human trafficking and to assist those who are victims of the trade.

Wanlop Ploytaptim, permanent secretary at the ministry said there are provincial and international sectors within the agency, with the provincial areas headed by relevant governors and the international areas led by the ambassadors of the countries concerned.

The center acts not just in the prevention and suppression of human trafficking, but also accepts victims for treatment and protection. Provinces seen to be especially at risk, especially in the North and the Northeast, will be the first targets of the center.

The permanent secretary added that the ministry had also ruled that relief can be offered to those at imminent risk. Subsidies can be applied for at the Bureau of Woman and Child Trade Prevention, Department of Social Development and Welfare or by calling 0 2659 6168 or 0 2569 6116. The ministry has a 500 million baht budget to support such cases.

At a recent conference held in Chiang Mai, Mongkol Danlaipitikul, head of Social Development and Security Office of Chiang Mai, said that social and cultural changes are influencing the growing problem of human trading. “This problem is increasingly worrying as the tendency is towards more violence,” he said. “It is becoming a national problem that urgently needs resolving and this can only be done through the participation of all sectors.”


A place in the sun for Mae Hong Son families

Chiangmai Mail Reporter

Mae Hong Son is continuing to encourage households to switch to using solar power and every family that has requested the installation of solar cell systems will have been supplied by June next year.

Direk Konkleeb, Mae Hong Son governor, said the province is pleased with the acceptance of the solar cell concept and that solar energy helps improve the quality of life of residents and also supports tourism developments. A good example of the latter is Huay Hee village in tambon Huay Poo Ling, which is using the solar home system.

The governor said there are 15,790 households that have requested the installation of a solar cell system. Of these, 8,338 families have now had their systems installed, and installations for the remaining 7,452 families will be completed by June 2006. Anyone else interested in having solar cells installed can apply at the nearest district office, Tambon Administration Organization office, or Provincial Electricity Authority office.


PM petitioned over forest water source

Chiangmai Mail Reporters

Three hundred members of the water source forest conservation confederation presented a petition to the prime minister, via Jareunsuk Choomsri, Lampang deputy governor, to protest against the formal establishment of forest communities, saying it will be advantageous for only some groups.

Prapat Ruankhamfoo, president of the confederation said that the protesters wanted to ensure that the water sources in the forests are open to all, as they are an important resource for everyone. If areas of the forest are managed as a community, it effectively means an invasion of land, and will endanger natural resources. The confederation believes that no one should be able to take special advantage of this national heritage.

The deputy governor promised to present this petition to the prime minister as the confederation requested.


Transport companies in conflict turn to government

Saksit Meesubkwang

Maj Gen Intharat Yodbangtuey, chairman of senate administration commissions.

A conflict between two transport companies servicing southern routes may go to the Department of Land Transport for resolution, following a recent meeting of the senate administration commission.

The conflict is between Rot Ruam Nakornping Transport and Nakornping Transport Co Ltd. Rot Ruam Nakornping has petitioned the government over the closure of certain transport routes.

Ausathai Rattanadilok na Phuket, head of Chiang Mai provincial transport office said the matter will be taken up in committee at the transport office. However, he would like all to understand that the government did not cause this conflict; it was a problem between two private sector organizations who were now asking the government to deal with it.

The companies used to be part of the same organization but Rot Ruam Nakornping Transport sold its shares. There are now 29 minibuses belonging to Rot Ruam and 18 owned by Nakornping Transport.


Police on high alert for visitor security during high season

Saksit Meesubkwang

Pol. Maj. Gen. Jiruj Promobol, Chiang Mai Provincial Police commander.

Chiang Mai police are on special alert to protect the security of tourists during the high season, and are issuing safety advice for the visitors.

Pol. Maj. Gen. Jiruj Promobol, Chiang Mai Provincial Police commander said that tourists could be classified loosely into two groups, those who come for the city life and the shopping, and those who prefer to go out into the countryside and see the natural attractions.

All police stations are on the alert at prime city areas such as the Night Bazaar, and various amusement places and the hotels. Uniformed and plain-clothes officers are being positioned in these places. At the same time officers are on duty to protect tourists in the forest areas, and the police are working in cooperation with the soldiers and border patrol police.

The commander has advised visitors not to pitch their tents in remote and deserted areas or in unauthorized areas of the national parks, because an emergency could arise in which the rescue services would not be immediately informed.

Tourists are also told to be aware of drug dealers who may wish to take advantage of them during this busy season.


Lovers of Chiang Mai Association want info on projects

Saksit Meesubkwang

More dissenting voices are being raised about the Chiang Mai Night Safari in the wake of the prime minister’s visit on November 16.

Chaiphan Praphaswat, director of the Community Rights Institution and representative of the Khon Rak Muang Chiang Mai Association (people who love Chiang Mai Association) said that although the prime minister had said the safari will open soon, the association believes this project is not complete and is not ready to open.

The association did not meet with the prime minister during his visit, and believes he did not want to meet them. Further, the association had petitioned the governor in the middle of October to ask for clarification on all the Chiang Mai development projects because they were afraid that the projects will affect the environment and quality of life in Chiang Mai.

There was, however, no reply from the governor. The National Human Rights Committee, the Commission of Social Development and Human Stability, and the Senate have now been approached.

Chaiphan said that Chiang Mai residents have a right to information on the developments because the projects affect their lives. Further, the Thai people in general have a right to know more, because it is their tax money that is paying for the schemes.


Disaster prevention office warns people at risk from cold weather

Nopniwat Krailerg

At least 160,000 people in Chiang Mai are at risk from the cold weather, according the Office of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation.

Head of the agency Pathrawan Sadudee said the winter this year is likely to be colder than in recent years. Having surveyed every district in Chiang Mai, the office found there were 160,000 villagers facing cold weather in exposed or remote regions. The office has prepared around 10,000 blankets from its own resources and a further 20,000 have been donated by the private sector, and these will be distributed.

Local administration organizations have been contacted to provide a budget for essential aid materials to those in the highland regions.


Monks and Lanna Dog Rescue condemn exotic wildlife idea

A dog dinner not on anyone’s menu

Nopniwat Krailerg and Preeyanoot Jittawong

Monks and Lanna Dog Rescue members hold a discussion at Wat Pa Daeng, Chiang Mai.

The controversy over suggestions that a Chiang Mai Night Safari restaurant serve exotic meats is rumbling on, despite protestations that it was only an idea and has already been dropped.

Wat Pa Daeng and Lanna Dog Rescue have held joint discussions over the idea of serving wildlife and dog meat. Monks of the temple said it was against the teaching and rules of Buddhism while Lanna Dog Rescue said they will remain opposed to the idea as it is unacceptable. During the discussions a statement was made that Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra, as a son of Chiang Mai, should take care to protect the image of the province and its people.

The discussions were held on November 22, with 10 monks and 15 members of Lanna Dog Rescue at the meeting. Only one day before there had been a protest in front of the Night Safari, and the Safari director had said that the idea, which he claimed was only a suggestion, had already been canceled.

Phra Kru Thamatorn Teerapong, the abbot of Wat Pa Daeng, said that this movement was not political in its nature. Buddhism takes the view that humans should be kind to animals. It is considered by Buddhist teaching that people should not eat elephants, horses, snakes, lions, tigers, bears or humans.

Lanna Dog Rescue has released a statement saying the organization resists the exotic menu idea in cooperation with other organizations and with Chiang Mai residents who wish the province to be regarded as a friendly and gentle place.


Mae Ping flood prevention scheme to go to deputy PM

Nopniwat Krailerg

Governor Suwat Tantipat said that a solution for the flooding problem is to be suggested to Deputy Prime Minister Suwat Liptapanlop, but that one issue needing to be urgently resolved was that of trespassing along the Mae Ping River. He indicated that various sectors, including the Marine Department had been asked to deal with it.

The governor said that officials had been negotiating with the trespassers before resorting to legal action, but in some cases there had been no other option than to present the cases to the court.

Director general of the Marine Department, Thawanrat Onsiri said there have been two problem points in the Muang area where works to widen the river by 120 meters have been attempted over the past two years. This is the matter of private sector land opposite the former Public Water Office and at the Provincial Police Bureau Region 5 headquarters. The river is only 60 meters wide at these two points. The police headquarters had been requested to move two housing blocks for government officials and part of the canteen, which would clear 12 meters of land. However, there is more land that belongs to the public and private sectors and consequently some redesign is needed for the widening, which is expected to be completed within two months.


Scouts and Guides pay homage to King Rama VI

Preeyanoot Jittawong and Kittiyaporn Kanjam (Student Trainee MFLU)

The governor, Chiang Mai Boy Scouts, Girl Guides, and guests participated in the ceremony.

The Chiang Mai Boy Scout Commission held a ceremony on November 25 to pay homage to King Rama VI. The ceremony was held at Yuparaj Wittayalai School with 2,500 Boy Scouts, Girl Guides and guests taking part.

Governor Suwat Tantipat, who is also director general of Chiang Mai Boy Scouts, led the occasion. November 25 commemorates the passing away of King Rama VI, regarded as the father of Scouting in Thailand.


Seminar discusses ways of turning remote regions away from opium growing

Preeyanoot Jittawong

A seminar that discussed ways of developing remote hill country in various countries in the region away from the planting of opium and adopting the cultivation of other crops was supported in its funding by the US Consulate and staged at the offices of the Bureau of Highland Agriculture Development in Muang, Chiang Mai, on November 24-25.

Co-organizer was the Office of the Permanent Secretary for Agricultural and Cooperatives under the Ministry of Agricultural and Cooperatives.

This seminar was designed to study the possibilities of crops and markets for them, with the intention of guiding remote areas away from their reliance on narcotics planting for their income. A manual has been written for international cooperation on highland development, which was discussed during the seminar.

There were 30 attendants from nine countries, namely Laos, Vietnam, China, Nepal, Afghanistan, Columbia, Peru, Bhutan and Thailand. Academics from the different countries recommended different market approaches, while Thailand presented the Royal Projects as a study case.


Musical motorcycles the latest fad

Easy riders earn cash at fairs and parties

Saksit Meesubkwang

A new fad amongst Chiang Mai teenagers is to install stereo equipment on their motorcycles so they can listen while they are riding, not to mention adding an extra blast of sound for the benefit of pedestrians.

A young motorcycle owner told Chiangmai Mail that the easiest of the bikes for installing systems are the Honda Wave, Yamaha Mio and Nouvo, as the speakers can fit comfortably onto the frames. All you need is an MP3 player with 12 volt loudspeakers and an adaptor. The equipment can be found in any electronics shop and is not expensive.

The price range for converting your motorcycle into a ghetto blaster on wheels is 5,000 baht upwards. Sound quality, experts declare, is as good as that found in a car stereo, which is not much of a comparison, say other ‘experts’.

Enterprising young owners have also found a way of making some cash with their musical motorcycles by hiring themselves out at fairs and other events where music is needed, for a fee of between 500 and 1,000 baht.

Most, however, add headphones so they can listen to the music while they are riding, although none of the young motorcyclists appears to know if what they are doing is illegal or not. They simply turn the music off when they see a checkpoint or a police patrol.


And the lucky number is 9999 at 1.75 million baht

Nopniwat Krailerg and Preeyanoot Jittawong

Lucky license plate number tender is interesting for many residents.

Bidding for lucky-number license plates generated great excitement in Chiang Mai with the highest amount being paid for number 9999, at 1.75 million baht.

Chiang Mai Provincial Transport Office organized the lucky license plate number bidding for the second time this year, auctioning Kor Ror license plates with 301 numbers. Kor Ror in the Thai language means accomplishment and riches. Revenue from the tender will go towards the road safety budget.

Bidding was held on November 26-27 at a grand ballroom of The Empress Chiang Mai Hotel, and was headed by Piyaphan Champasut, director general of the Land Transport Department, Governor Suwat Tantipat and Ausathai Rattanadilok Na Phuket, head of Chiang Mai Provincial Transport Office. Excitement ran high, with 1,400 persons attending and registration revenue reaching 2,599,500 baht.

Highlight numbers were 1111, 2222, 3333, 4444, 5555, 6666, 7777, 8888, 9999, 8899, 9988 and 8989. Winning bidder for the coveted number 9999 was Uthid Suwitsakdanon or Hia Yai, Nim See Seng Leasing Company owner, with 1,750,000 baht. This was a little lower than the previous year when the Kor Yor 9999 bid reached 1.8 million baht.

The entire revenue raised during these two days was 18,429,000 baht. In 2004, the Kor Yor license plate tender was arranged by Chiang Mai Provincial Transport Office and raised 22,835,000 baht total revenue. Total bidding throughout the country stood at 684 million baht according to information published in June of this year.


Frosts and fogs descend as temperatures plunge

Saksit Meesubkwang

Tourists from Thailand and overseas are beginning to arrive in large numbers to experience the cold winter weather of the North and to see the mist-shrouded beauty of Doi Inthanon. Temperatures are now sinking low enough to cause frost around the peak.

Doi Ang Khang in Fang district and Doi Inthanon National Park in Chom Thong district are also popular destinations for the visitors.

The Christmas and New Year festive period is expected to bring in even greater numbers of visitors, and drivers are warned to take it easy, particularly around the hill roads where the curves and gradients need to be tackled very carefully. Drivers are also asked to act responsibly by not driving after they have drunk alcohol.

Temperatures around the mountain tops touched 4 degrees Celsius on November 22, and more frost is expected. National park officers advise any visitors seeking accommodation near the peaks to make reservations before arriving, as the lodging houses are almost full. Camping is available as an alternative although officials tell visitors that the safety regulations need to be followed closely to avoid accidents.

Worapoj Kunawiwatthanangkool, from the Northern Meteorological Center, said that the cold weather is moving from China across the North of Thailand and that temperatures are expected to continue falling. Widespread fog is expected in some areas.


Crackdown to eliminate lewd materials and websites in December

Big brother is watching what you watch!

Chiangmai Mail Reporters

The Thaksin government is to continue its suppression of pornography with a major drive throughout December that aims to eliminate obscene materials, close down local websites and block websites from overseas.

Government spokesman Dr Surapong Seubwonglee said that provincial governors and police commanders are being asked to actively pursue those who deal in lewd materials and websites. At the same time, internet and online game shops will be asked to implement rules that prevent youngsters under the age of 18 from using the services for more than three hours.

To counter the influence of subversive media, universities and private development organizations are being encouraged to present creative TV and radio programs supported by funds from the government. Special TV stations for children and teenagers will be established and programs broadcast that are beneficial for those special age groups.

Watana Muangsook, Minister of Social Development and Human Security, said that PM Thaksin Shinawatra was concerned about the influence of pornographic media and has directed lewd Thai websites be closed down and foreign websites blocked. The target is to eliminate all obscene media within December, which is considered feasible, said Watana.

Provincial Police Bureau Region 5, which has the responsibility for the eight Northern provinces, has placed its officers on alert to check the internet and online game shops, and outlets selling obscene materials. Many outlets in Muang Chiang Mai have been prosecuted during October and November for dealing in lewd materials.

With the outlawing of drugs, prostitution, underage drinking, Internet gaming, poverty and now lewd materials, the local force is going to be busy.


Teenager unconscious after playing online games for 5 hours

Nopniwat Krailerg

Rescue Foundation workers went to help Suphalerg in Ozone Net after he suffered a convulsive seizure.

A young student suffered a convulsive seizure after he had been playing online games for five hours non-stop in an internet cafe.

Suphalerg Jakrachai, 19, who lives at Pra Poklao Road in Tambon Sriphum, was found slumped in the seat of computer No 1 at Ozone Net, in front of the old Maha Nakorn Theater on Chotana Road. He was unconscious and sweating profusely. Staff from the shop and rescue foundation officers took him to the nearby Lanna Hospital.

Staff said that Suphalerg had been playing the online game “War Craft” from 7.30 a.m. until he collapsed at 12.30 pm, a total of five hours. It is believed he either suffers from a congenital disease or was taken ill from a combination of fatigue and stress. Chiangmai Mail contacted a doctor who suggested that hypoglycemia from lack of food, or epilepsy brought on by the flickering screen could also be the reason.

Online game and internet shops are currently being targeted by both police and the Chiang Mai administration, as it is believed they encourage lawlessness and lead to loss of study time for school and college students. It appears they might also cause convulsions!


50,000 baht reward for capture of gold thief

Saksit Meesubkwang

A reward of 50,000 baht is being offered for information leading to the arrest of the audacious thief who jumped the counter of the Krungthep Yaowarat gold shop in Lotus Khamthiang Market Branch. In the robbery, he cut the wires on the surveillance camera, and escaped with 515,200 baht value of gold. The robbery was reported in last week’s Chiangmai Mail.

Pol Lt Gen Panupong Singhara na Ayuthaya, commissioner of the Provincial Police Bureau Region 5, said that police are still searching for the thief, who is aged about 30. His image was recorded by the camera but not clearly, as the camera was positioned to observe the staff at work. A photograph of the robbery has, however, been widely circulated and police are confident of an early arrest.

The commissioner confirmed that a reward of 50,000 baht is being offered to anyone who supplies information that leads directly to the capture of the robber.


Three suspected drug dealers shot dead in border gunfight

Nopniwat Krailerg

Investigations having revealed that drugs were being smuggled across the border and being stored at a hill tribe village between Fang and Mae Ai, Pha Muang Task Force headed by Col Anantasak Treelao, commander of the 2nd Calvary Regiment began a search.

On November 15, the officers were patrolling an area near Baan Pang Tong when they came upon a group of 10 persons carrying knapsacks and walking through the forest. The patrol stopped the group with the intention of searching them, but instead the officers were shot at and a 15-minute gun battle ensued.

Fearing an ambush, the patrol waited for a while after the shooting had stopped, then they moved into the open. The dead bodies of three suspected drugs dealers were found, but there were no drugs upon them. The others had fled back across the border into Burma.


Karen schoolboys killed by bomb

Saksit Meesubkwang

Four Karen tribe schoolboys were killed and a fifth injured when a bomb they picked up on their way to school exploded.

The boys were identified as Surapol Chatpaisan, 11, grade 5; Tija Matimahachon, 12, grade 6; Pajawtoo Sawang-aramruang, 11, grade 5 and Boonsong Nawpraison, 12, grade 6. A fifth boy, Phabiasook Ajoing, 12, grade 6, was injured and was admitted to Omkoi Hospital. All the boys were from a Karen tribe living at Tambon Nakian in Omkoi, Chiang Mai and studying at Baan Chumchone Omkoi School.

The injured boy said that they lived in a Charuentham Christian dormitory two kilometers from the school. On that day they walked to school as usual, and on the way they found a bomb. Pajawtoo picked it up, telling his friends he would take it to the teacher to find out who the owner was. They thought the bomb was harmless but it exploded. Phabiasook survived because he was standing a little apart from the other boys.

Officers from Omkoi Police Station along with Pol Lt Gen Panupong Singhara na Ayuthaya, commissioner of the Provincial Police Bureau Region 5 and Pol Maj Gen Jiruj Promobol, Chiang Mai Provincial Police commander, are investigating the incident.

The police commissioner said it was necessary to find out where this bomb came from. Omkoi Police Station officers have questioned villagers who said that rangers sometimes practiced in this area and that the bomb probably belonged to them.


Alcohol store burns after owners charged for illegal trading

Nopniwat Krailerg

A reporter films the blazing Amnuay alcohol shop at the middle ring road behind Payap University.

Double trouble for the owners of a liquor store at the old San Kamphaeng intersection. Police had checked the shop and charged them because they did not hold an alcohol distribution license. The owners then shut up shop and went home, only to be advised later that the premises were on fire.

Fire engines and another set of police officers raced to the Amnuay liquor shop on November 26 as the single-storey wayside building blazed. Firemen took 20 minutes to control the flames but the entire stock and furnishings, together worth about 50,000 baht were destroyed.

The owners, Amnuay Thiwang and his wife Renu, both 47, said they had run the shop for four years. On the evening of the fire, an eye witness said three youngsters riding motorcycles had been seen loitering around the shop before the fire started. Arson is suspected and police are investigating the case.


German woman injured in ride-by bag snatch

Saksit Meesubkwang

The officers take offenders to a press conference.

Police have arrested five men who snatched the bag from a German woman and slashed and punched her when she tried to resist.

Police said that two of the thieves had been on a motorcycle near Wat Pha Khao on Rachamangkala Road when they saw the woman walking along the street. They tried to grab her bag but she resisted, so two other men cut at her with a knife while another punched her head with a knuckle-duster. They had then fled with the bag.

A passerby who saw the event called Muang Police Station and officers rushed to the scene. The woman, identified as Stephanie Fasico, 29, a German national working as a reporter for a publishing company in Germany, was sent to Chiang Mai Rama I Hospital for treatment.

The offenders were soon discovered by Muang Police Station officers, gathered in a soi beside Central Kad Suan Kaew Department Store. They had Stephanie’s belongings with them, along with the two weapons used to attack her, a knife and a knuckle-duster.

A press briefing was held at Chang Puek Police Station at which the men were identified as Thawatchai, Chalermkiart, Phisit, Rainrit and Thawatchai Fukham.

Pol Lt Gen Panupong Singhara na Ayuthaya, commissioner of the Provincial Police Bureau Region 5, said at the press briefing that these people gave Thailand, and Chiang Mai especially, a poor image. He said that police were on constant vigil to protect visitors and that if any robbery or other distressful event occurs, the nearest police station should be contacted immediately.