Vol. V No. 37 - Saturday September 9, - September 15, 2006
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by Saichon Paewsoongnern
 

 


Columns
HEADLINES [click on headline to view story]:

Your Health & Happiness

The Doctor's Consultation

Agony Column

Camera Class by Snapshot

Money Matters

Tail waggers

Life in the Laugh Lane

Language Matters

Your Health & Happiness: Top honours for Thai spas and wellness resorts

Hua Hin, Thailand – Five Thai spas and wellness retreats won top honours at the 2006 SpaAsia Crystal awards ceremony during the second SpaAsia Wellness Summit organised at this rapidly growing beach resort last week.
Just under 300 delegates from 30 countries, including spa professionals, investors, hoteliers, medical practitioners, brand managers and governmental agencies, attended the summit, held here for the second consecutive year.
The summit focussed on reviving the “spirit” of the industry under the theme “Themed Enlivening the Spirit: Kindred Hearts to Healing Passions.”
Organised by the Singapore-based publishing group Wellness Media, the summit featured a line-up of internationally acclaimed and accredited speakers, comprising academics, doctors, life coaches, healers, trainers and spa operators.
The Thailand SpaAsia Crystal award winners were:
Best Human Resource Programme:
Six Senses Resorts & Spas
Best Destination Spa:
The Dheva Spa at Mandarin Oriental Dhara Dhevi, Chiang Mai.
Best Wellness Retreat:
Chiva-Som International Health Resort
Best Complementary & Alternative Medicine:
Chiva-Som International Health Resort.
Publisher’s Choice Award:
The Four Seasons Tented Camp Golden Triangle.
The summit was preceded by a professional Study Tour organised by the Spa Association of Thailand to give participants a chance to meet with a premium selection of Thai Spa operators and checkout a display of Thai Spa products.
Tourism Authority of Thailand governor, Juthamas Siriwan said, “The promotion of health and wellness tourism is one of our key strategic marketing directions in the year ahead. The summit gave Thailand a wonderful opportunity to take this strategy forward.”
Thailand is blessed with an abundance of practitioners of both modern and traditional forms of health and wellness.
The Thai government is trying to promote traditional health because they focus on prevention rather than cure, use local resources and contribute to the preservation of tropical plants and local heritage.
Thai herbs, used in cuisine and medicine, as well as health and beauty products, are a part of daily life and used prominently in the more than 700 long-stay health care centres, spas and resorts in Thailand. For those who prefer modern medical treatments, Thailand boasts more than 400 private hospitals.
Wellness and beauty products are estimated to generate annual revenues of billions of baht for the Thai economy.


The Doctor's Consultation: Liver, ethanol and health foods

by Dr. Iain Corness

Ask any man which is his most important organ and he will undoubtedly point to his bladder’s siphon hose. Perhaps the magic symbol of masculinity, but it is certainly not the be all and end all. (Though indiscriminate use can end all!)
The liver is one of the more important organs you possess. Without it you will die, whereas you can get by without a kidney, or a lung or a thyroid, or even Willy the wonder wand for example (most women do)! Yes, I’d rate my liver above my thyroid any day.
Think of your liver as a filtering and detoxifying device. Chemicals are taken up by the liver, to be broken down into non-toxic chemicals, all to protect your system. Clever organ your liver, to know what’s good for you and what isn’t.
The most well known liver toxin is our old friend ethanol, more usually referred to as booze. There is “common wisdom” that says certain types of booze are more damaging than others, but that just isn’t so. Irrespective of the color or shape of the bottle it came in, ethanol is ethanol, is ethanol. It is the percentage of alcohol that is the important factor. That alcohol affects the liver is generally accepted, with the end result being called cirrhosis, a fibrous hardening of the liver which then becomes unable to carry out its job correctly. Toxins build up. You feel unwell and it’s all downhill from there.
Some proprietary or prescription drugs can produce an inflammation of the liver tissues too. Or worse, produce a breakdown of the liver tissue itself. Amongst these is the headache medication paracetamol (the ubiquitous “Sara” tablets, for example), but before you throw them out of your bathroom cabinet, it requires some heavy and very frequent dosage of paracetamol to do this.
Other prescription items that may produce liver problems include Methyldopa, several penicillins, Simvastatin (the cholesterol lowering drug), Diclofenac (a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory) and Ketoconazole (anti-fungal).
Prescription drugs can be dangerous (even though you can get most of them over the counter in Thailand), but that’s why they have a PI (patient information) leaflet inside the box (the bit you throw away and don’t read). Probably if you read it, you wouldn’t take it!
However, what about “Health food” preparations? The purveyors of these all cite the fact that the ingredients are “natural” so everyone assumes that this means “safe”. Not so, I’m afraid. Lead, for example, is a naturally occurring compound, and not much good for young kidneys. However, since we are talking about liver problems, hands up all those of you who have heard of Echinacea? Supposedly fixes everything from falling hair to fallen arches – but is it “safe”? Well, Echinacea, along with Kombucha Tea are two of the commonest compounds showing a well documented history of being toxic to the liver. So if you’re sipping Kombucha tea because you’ve drunk too much alcohol last night, I would suggest that you change to water!
Others for sale in the Health Food shops with known toxic effects on the liver include Evening primrose oil, Valerian, Chaparral, Japanese Daisaiko-to (for dyspepsia), Chinese Jin-bu-huan and several forms of herbal teas such as those from Heliotroprium, Senecio crotalaria and Symphytum. Makes you think that the shops that sell them may be incorrectly named, doesn’t it!
But while the column this week seems to be spreading doom, gloom and disaster, it’s not quite that bad. The liver is a very powerful organ and is capable of regenerating itself quite quickly, so in most cases of toxicity following ingestion of chemical compounds (including alcohol), by stopping taking it the liver recovers and the patient feels well again.
So remember that if you are taking anything regularly and you feel unwell, it may be the liver – but tell your doctor everything you have been taking! And no thanks, I’ll give the herbal tea a miss today.


Agony Column

Dear Hillary,
I have been reading your column for many moons on the internet and it always brings a smile. Been there done that caught that been cured. Now that I’m finally living in Thailand, I read it in hardprint! Anyhow, I wished to update you regarding activities at the Chicken Pluckers Arms as you didn’t seem to have the full picture. On any given evening at the Pluckers, there are literally dozens of older pot bellied partakers in coloured beverages that are only too willing to buy a new Trumpy for any of the delectable young bar-ladies serving them their elixir. Unfortunately though, there is no “I go with you sexy man” attitude. So instead, they will down about 15 pints a night to enhance their sexy image when they come for their yearly two week trip to Pattaya. As they are fitness minded individuals, they will also forego the pleasures of chocolate and only partake in the odd serving dish of chips in order to input the required sustenance. I hope this clarifies the situation at Pluckers for you.
Tiger
Dear Tiger,

So I take it that sales of Trumpy’s are down over and up there in the UK, which might explain why Triumph have opened up a factory in Thailand, my Petal. If the British bar girls were to get in and pull their weight like the Thai girls do, then the entire economy and other things in the British Isles would be on the up and up it seems. And a Trumpy in every bedroom! Thank you for the explanations of the British mating and drinking habits. No wonder the poor old codgers come out here, even if it is only to buy a Yamaha step-through! It’s probably a bit late for them to throw a leg over a Trumpy by now anyway.

Dear Hillary,
Love your column every week, and agree with the guy who wrote that he wants it more than just once a week. Have you ever thought about putting it all together as a book, Petal? Think of it as a retirement benefit plan, sitting back with all the royalties pouring in. You’ll be creaming them, Hills, creaming them!
The Avid Reader
Dear Avid Reader,

Oh if only it were that easy. JK Rowlings and Harry Potter move over, here comes Hillary with tall tales and true from the magical country of Thailand! Read how wicked witches can place a spell over 70 year old men which changes their credit cards into molten plastic. Watch as bank funds magically transfer themselves from one man’s bank overseas to an uneducated Thai girl’s account in Isaan! Wonder as superannuation plans turn themselves into funds for maintaining herds of buffalo way up-country! Learn why gold shops like foreigners, especially when they have a Thai girl on their arms and learn the ‘buy back’ secret involving bar girls, motorcycles and their salesmen. Find out why pharmacy assistants have blue thumbs after counting diamond shaped pills all day, and learn about the disappearing willies from the ‘girls’ on Beach Road. Yes, Avid Reader, I think these little known secrets should be made public, and Hillary is just the girl to do it. Thank you for the idea, and I’ll let you know when they are in the shops, so you can be the first to buy one. It should be a best seller. I’ll even offer to autograph copies for a nominal fee, like a box of Belgian chocolates and some French champagne!
By the way, when you say that you want it more than just once a week, I do presume you are referring to the column and not anything else (or any other column-like appendages)! You can’t be too careful these days, I tell you, Petal!

Dear Hillary,
The other night at a party I met a lovely buxom lady from Morocco who is over here for a conference and then holidaying for three months. Before making any further moves which could embarrass me, do I have to be circumscribed (sic) to date a Moroccan? I thought I would take her for a run in the countryside and show her a bit of Thailand first, but I do not want to spend too much time on the project if I will still get nowhere.
Enquiring and intact
Dear Enquiring and intact,

You certainly don’t hang around, do you Petal? What sort of a hot date did you have in mind? A fact finding mission to see what Buxom Moroccans wear under a caftan? I also presume you really meant “circumcised” rather than “circumscribed” (laying down the limits) or were you just being circumspect (a trifle wary)? Whatever, yours is this week’s silliest question. I am sure the lady in question is more interested in what sort of person you are, and where you are taking her, rather than whether you’ve had one centimeter lopped off the end of your exhaust pipe. By the way, what “bit” of Thailand did you have in mind? And the item about getting nowhere? Depends whether you take a map with you, my Petal, so you should know where you’re going, doesn’t it?


Camera Class:  Seven Days in the Kingdom

by Harry Flashman

There is a book that was published almost 20 years ago called Thailand Seven Days in the Kingdom (ISBN 0-920691-37-4, Times Editions, Singapore). During the period March 2-9, 1987, 50 renowned photographers shot Thailand, as they saw it, and their work (85,000 shots) was compiled into a very large coffee table book. I am lucky enough to have one of these books, given to me by the Thai photographer Tom Chuawiwat.

Luca Invernizzi Tettoni

However, this is not a ‘for sale’ advertisement, this book is far too valuable to let out of my sight, let alone part with forever. But what this book does show is that all of us who own cameras have a wonderful photographic subject to shoot. Thailand. In all its enormous diversity. Take a look at the photograph with this article. Taken by famous photographer Luca Invernizzi Tettoni, this is a wonderful shot. And it is a shot that we can all learn from, if we open our eyes to it, and other opportunities.
Taken in the Dusit Maha Prasat, this is described as a bronze figure holding the sword of a past King. Look at the lack of detail in the background which means that the photographer probably used an aperture of around 2.8. There are also no signs of artificial lighting, so I have to presume that the shot was taken under natural light. There is no distortion anywhere, so it wasn’t a wide angle lens, in fact it looks as though it was probably a standard 50 mm lens. That being the case, there is no reason why you and I cannot also take this shot, is there? Walk in close, set the aperture on 2.8 and let Aperture Priority find the correct shutter speed and you have it.
However, I am not advocating that you high-tail it to Dusit Maha Prasat and slavishly copy this image, but what I am saying is that ‘similar’ shots such as this one of Luca Invernizzi Tettoni’s are completely possible for you, an amateur. All it needs is for you to open your eyes to the endless photographic subjects that are in Thailand, right there in front of you.
So a few pointers. First, do not be afraid to walk in close. In fact, walk in several meters closer. Take a look at Luca’s photo again - he is so close he has cropped out the spire on the hat, but the image does not lose its power. In fact, it is even stronger. I repeat, walk in several meters closer!
The book Thailand Seven Days in the Kingdom was really a maxi-project with the 50 photographers snapping away for a week, and this can again give you a tip towards your own picture taking. Rather than a week, I suggest that you spend an afternoon on one subject. Choose the concept and then go and shoot it. The book had five main topics, Institutions, Religions, Rural Life, City Life and finally one called A Heritage of Beauty which was a study of the ‘old Thailand’ still with us today.
So what could you shoot? Well here’s a few (and teachers may even like to give some of them to their classes as a project) starting with Transportation. What scope you have here from city transport, right the way through to pedi-cabs. Just remember to make the subject the “hero” and move in close!
Another subject could be the marketplace. Again there are so many items of interest in any market, from the ‘on the spot’ butchering, live eels on display, to BBQ grills with smoke belching out of them, to the carousel for the children while mother shops. A complete afternoon (and more) is there for you. Just give yourself a project and go and shoot it.
I have written before about your local temple. The wat offers you an incredible array of subjects, and you can take these without getting in the way of the followers of the religion. For example, close-ups of the filigree work on the columns and the details in the murals will keep you going for many days, to cover the subject completely.
Give yourself a project, and walk several meters closer!


Money Matters:  Currency Management Strategy Part 2

Alan Hall
MBMG International Ltd.

As for economic fundamentals, the euro-zone is now in a tightening phase as the ECB is moving to raise interest rates and central bank liquidity has been tight for some months. The ECB also has a tougher inflation target than the Federal Reserve and GDP prospects look decidedly better over the next 12 months. We continue to favour the Euro over the US dollar in the short term but remain cognizant of the facts that the EU constitution remains fragile and that European growth is likely to falter at any point.
The US current account deficit is nearly US$800bn and the Bush Government budget deficit gets no smaller. Enough said when combined with a potential GDP growth slowdown and negative interest rate carry.
The Bank of Japan (BOJ) has signalled that the days of quantitative easing are over and that the zero interest rate policy (ZIRP) is near. As domestic growth and demand improves the BOJ becomes increasingly confident that deflation is over and that the economy will continue to improve. There is no doubt that the Japanese economy has turned the corner and with recent liquidity being reduced from the Japanese system, the Yen is our favoured currency on a short/medium term basis. To also help explain recent equity market turmoil an investor need look no further than the Japanese net liquidity being drained by the BOJ from the system, monetary base growth has turned sharply negative.
The British pound has traded in a narrow range with the Euro over recent times. The UK housing market appears to have stabilized and with high real interest rates and an inverted yield curve, has positive interest rate carry momentum in the short term. However, the large current account deficit and high consumer debt levels give longer term concerns.

China is the new kid on the major currency cross-radar. The Renminbi has been pegged against the US Dollar until recently and is very slowly being allowed to appreciate over the past 12 months. When the currency peg was in place you could have argued that the US/China deficit/surplus negated each other but now the Chinese may “touch” the monetary brakes temporarily to cool off credit and slow growth slightly, but with the 2008 Olympics and 2010 Shanghai World Trade Fair looming, it will be short lived. Given the massive geo-political risks at present, what are the short term trends?
The weakness of the dollar index this year from the 200 week moving average levels reconfirms the longer term trend of dollar weakness as we head to 80 on the DXY. The US Dollar went into freefall in early April after breaking an up trend line of a bearish head & shoulders pattern. However, it’s possible that the US Dollar might actually be forming into a bullish inverse head & shoulders pattern with the left shoulder in early 2004, the head in early 2005, and the right shoulder currently forming. If this is the correct pattern, then the US Dollar could soon find support and rally all the way up to the 100 level.
The above comments from our technical research team confirm the big picture view that for the US dollar index are key and a bounce back towards 100 would break the 200 week moving average. This would be the end of the long term trend. To break the 20-30 year range on the US Dollar index will require a significant monetary or geo-political event such as a breakdown of the dollar standard, avian flu epidemic or Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, the Iranian president attempting to carry out his threat of having Israel wiped from the face of the earth. The rally in the gold price shows demand for the precious metal that far outstrips commercial supply and demand. The gold price has also decoupled completely from the US Dollar recently as a “major threat” premium is built into the price of the oldest store of wealth vs almost all flat currencies in the past 12 months.
In conclusion, in the long term we may be near the turning point for the US dollar and breaking 80 on the DXY is a seismic event. In the short term US dollar based investors need to have significant non-dollar (preferably Euro and Yen) assets unhedged in their portfolios whilst investors who wish to buy assets in US Dollar should hedge out the currency and hold cash in Euro and Yen. Much the same as Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, and before him Saddam Hussein, wish to do with their OIL proceeds!

The above data and research was compiled from sources believed to be reliable. However, neither MBMG International Ltd nor its officers can accept any liability for any errors or omissions in the above article nor bear any responsibility for any losses achieved as a result of any actions taken or not taken as a consequence of reading the above article. For more information please contact Alan Hall on [email protected]


Tail waggers: Dogs and their impact on human society

by Nienke Parma

Dogs have their own way of communicating.

Dogs have taken on many roles in order to help us. The ones they fulfill nowadays differ from those in the old days. Although they are still used as hunting aids and as protectors of homes and properties, currently their tasks are mainly aimed at being our companion pet-animal. They are also used for more specific tasks, such as for sports and competitions, rescuing disaster victims, tracking down criminals, lost ones above and below water, narcotics, explosives, melanomas, or guiding and assisting our blind and deaf, the elderly and those with special needs. They act on stages or in movies, or even as a plain income or food source, as science objects or as living objects for the fulfillment of the gambling needs of the more bloodthirsty amongst us.
Research conducted over the last 20 years shows the impact that dogs (and other pets) can have on children, elderly, the stressed and the physically or emotionally disengaged. For instance, doctors at Duke University found that postoperative heart patients adjusted easier to the new conditions of self-care while caring for a pet, which in many cases facilitated a speedier and more complete recovery. Dogs also serve as a stimulus to exercise, a key factor in most recuperation. Other studies have found that pet owners have an 8 times higher chance of surviving one year after a heart attack, have fewer doctor visits, shorter hospital stays, and an easier time adapting to a new routine of recuperation after an illness. Pets lessen stress by lowering heart rate, blood pressure, and even cholesterol. Elderly people have a lower incidence of cancer when caring for a pet, and Alzheimer’s sufferers and autistic children more easily brought back to reality, stimulating them to smile, touch, laugh, and talk through simple weekly visits from pets. Pets also help combating depression and isolation through their role as ice-breakers, and are used regularly in psychotherapy with children. It was also found that pet-owning children in a war-torn region of Croatia had the lowest levels of post-traumatic stress disorder.
In other words, dogs and other pets can have a great positive impact on our society. Unfortunately, the opposite does also happen. Worldwide many dogs are unnecessarily euthanized as a result of physical problems or unacceptable behavior such as aggression. Often such an action could have been prevented if we would have understood how a dog’s behavior develops. What we often forget is that dogs are still animals, having their own way of communication with one another and with us. They use these signals with us when they are in stress or in potential conflict, which almost always goes prior to a growl, snap or bite. It is our responsibility to know what to look for to decrease the risk of conflict between our dogs, our children and ourselves.
More on this in the next article …
For more information on pets’ health, dog and cat boarding, dog training and behavior modification and counseling, please, visit www.luckydogs.info or contact LuckyDogs: 09 99 78 146.


Life in the Laugh Lane: Seeing things another way: part one

by Scott Jones

When I was 15, my personal hero was blind: George Shearing, the amazing British pianist. I stumbled onto one of his songbooks and painstakingly learned his unique chord structures. I imagined he could never think of those strange combinations but perhaps kept putting his fingers on the wrong keys. He had a tender, sweet touch that gently caressed the tones out of the keys. His influence is still all over my style. You don’t go from one chord to the next; you find your way with all the notes in between, like feeling your way along a wall in a dark room - his everyday reality. Thirty-five years later I finally met him and saw him play live at a club, more of a master than ever. I don’t think his blindness was a disability; it enhanced his abilities. I just played the piano; he became the piano.
A friend whose blind father was George’s piano tuner and fellow patron of blind causes in New York related a story George like to tell. In the early days of commercial airlines, before hour long security checks when you’d hang out with the pilot, George was on a small plane waiting for passengers to board. The pilot asked if George wanted him to take his seeing-eye dog for a walk. George said, “Sure!” The pilot put on his official hat and sunglasses before being led down the front stairway by the dog as the passengers were walking up the rear one. Everyone was visibly upset at the concept of a blind pilot, probably hoping he’d have a seeing-eye eagle while they were flying.
I drove a taxi for a while and two of my regular riders were an elderly blind couple who required that I back into the driveway and position the rear taxi door by the sidewalk. Always ready at the door when I arrived, they probably heard my taxi two miles away, or maybe smelled its stale, musty odor. They’d come prancing down the walk and jump into the taxi as if they had about sixteen eyes between them, then give me a running commentary on all the sites we passed. “The court house is having major reconstruction.” “The Johnson’s have painted their house pink!” “Honey, the traffic is very slow. I hope we won’t be late.” I don’t really think they were blind. They just wanted the special treatment I gave them.
Maurice was the proud blind father of ten strapping sons and daughters who lived on a horse ranch in Wisconsin. When I rode my bike in, he’d follow me by crashing invisibly through the woods next to the driveway. He didn’t trust the parking lot where cars would be in random locations, but the trees grew slowly and he knew where everyone was. He liked me because he could feel I liked him and would follow me around by leaning his 110 kilogram body next to my leg, almost knocking me over. Maurice was a huge St. Bernard dog, with drooling jaws and drooling eye slits. One day a sinister salesman came to the ranch, and to dispose of him, Maurice used his practiced technique of rising onto his hind legs, putting his front paws on the man’s shoulders, his drooling face a few inches from the man’s wide-eyes, and walking him backward out the door. He had a great life in the country with his loving, seeing-eye humans.
For a decade I lived across the street from Jeanette, blind, living alone in her large home. You’d never know she was visually impaired watching her work in the garden, just that she loved to touch her flowers. She’d set up the sprinkler and walk around it in a circle, feeling the mist, making sure it made to all her babies. One winter after a foot of snowfall, I went out 2 a.m. to help shovel out a friend’s car. He left; it was a beautiful night; I started shoveling my sidewalk. A few minutes later I hear another shovel. Jeanette was out doing her walk, hearing the scrape on the sidewalk below the snow, feeling when the shovel was full. No problem with the job or the time; it’s always night in her world. One afternoon while mowing my lawn I felt this presence and looked across the street to see Jeanette waving frantically. I walked over to hear that her phone didn’t work and she needed to make a call. I gave her mine and she dialed a number a bit slower than the speed of light. At the end of the call, she said, “Thanks. Who are you?” I said, “Scott, your neighbor across the street.” She said, “I never see you!” How do you respond?
Blind Tom always set us at ease with his ability to laugh at his disability. “Last night I got into a fight with another blind guy in the parking lot. Someone in the crowd watching yelled, ‘I bet ten bucks on the guy with the knife.’ We both ran away.” Tune in next week for more tales of Tom.


Language Matters : How persnickety should the teacher be?

by Peter McKenzie-Brown

There are endless debates among language teachers about how concerned teachers should be with their students’ language output. What is the best balance between the extremes of correcting most of their errors and correcting none? Do we want students to speak accurately, even if doing so limits their ability to use the language easily? Or do we want them to speak more comfortably (that is, fluently), even at the expense of accurate pronunciation and grammar? How persnickety should the teacher be?
There will always be battles between advocates of accuracy and advocates of fluency. However, most Western language teachers now fall into the latter camp, and they are supported by a large body of research and language theory. According to this point of view, there is an inevitable lag between language fluency and language accuracy. As language learners develop greater comfort in using a second language, they become better able to identify and correct their own mistakes. I believe this principle should dominate language acquisition.

Here is a diagrammatic illustration of best-practice language activation in the classroom. At the bottom of the diagram are the technical stages a good lesson should go through. Your class should begin with language study, and then continue with activation of the language through controlled, guided and free practice exercises.
Forget about spending endless hours teaching grammar or having your students repeat sentence patterns by rote. Language acquisition takes place most effectively when your students use it in increasingly life-like situations. As the band leader said in auditions, “Don’t play me scales. Play me a damned tune!”
The focus on accuracy is strongest during the language study phase of class. Here the teacher explains some points of grammar, pronunciation or vocabulary, and does most (if not all) of the talking. There’s little possibility of error, because students don’t say much. This stage of the lesson is short, however.
Teachers need to structure their classes in such a way that they say less and less as class rolls on, while the students say more and more. When they do this, students become increasingly active in later stages of class, the “three practices”.
In controlled practice, the teacher remains in control. Student activities are such that it is fairly difficult for them to make errors – and when they do, the teacher’s job is to make corrections. At this stage, teacher input (also known as “teacher talk time”) is about equal to student output (“student talk time”). But student output completely dominates the latter parts of the class. The teacher relaxes control progressively during guided and free practice activities. Sure, your students will make mistakes, but their fluency will improve. And if you design your activities well, your students will correct each other or themselves when challenged.
I haven’t described all the components of an ideal lesson plan in this column, of course. For example, good classes begin with a warm-up, which serves to switch on the student’s “second language brain.” They also include a stage often referred to as “engagement” – a few minutes of class in which the teacher catches student interest and generates excitement about the upcoming topic of study.
This column is barely more than the sketch of a notion, but the basic idea is strong. Let accuracy go in the interest of fluency. If you do, the odds are you will see immediate improvements in your student’s classroom performance.
Peter McKenzie-Brown ([email protected]) is head TEFL instructor at Chiang Mai University’s Language Institute.



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