Last week I asked which manufacturer who built the “Rolls
Royce of motorcycles” also built a superior car? Clue - a play on words. The
correct answer was George Brough who built the Brough Superior car between
1935-39 when WWII stopped play.
So to this week. What was the Glas S1004 of 1962 famous for?
For the Automania FREE beer this week, be the first correct answer to email
Bajaj and Renault offspring for 2011
Renault-Nissan and Indian motorcycle maker Bajaj Auto Ltd. say they
will be ready to market a $2,500 car that gets about 34 km/l (82 mpg) by 2011.
The ultra-low-cost car, codenamed ULC, will be a direct competitor to the $2,500
Nano sedan from Tata Motors Ltd. that goes on sale in India later this year.
Initial production is expected to be 400,000 units per year at a new plant being
built in Chakan in western India. “The car will initially have a gasoline engine
... later, it will also have a diesel engine,” said S. Ravikumar, Bajaj Auto’s
vice president in charge of business development. The car also will be sold in
other emerging markets. Ravikumar said the car will be exported using the global
sales network of Nissan and Renault.
The companies announced their collaboration last October. The venture is 50
percent owned by Bajaj Auto, 25 percent by Renault and 25 percent by Nissan.
Analysts forecast 13 percent growth in India’s passenger car segment for the
year to March 2009 and expect manufacturers to remain committed to the small-car
segment despite rising raw material costs and the expectation of slower economic
General Motors, Honda and Toyota all have expressed similar interest in
producing low-priced cars for the Indian market, where an emerging middle class
is moving from motorcycles to cars. There should also be a market in Thailand,
which will not be filled by the forthcoming eco-cars which will not be much
cheaper than the current small car range available in this country.
Now if you want real fuel miser …
I stumbled across a report from Australia on the econo-cars
available down under, and it will make you weep. Why? Because all but one
are not available in Thailand, and the one that is, is so expensive that you
would have to keep it running for about 20 years before you would recoup
your money in saved fuel costs.
All the cars listed here offer official or claimed fuel consumption of less
than five liters per 100 km (56 miles per gallon by the old measure) in
ideal conditions. So here we go - the real fuel misers:
Fiat 500 1.3 JTD Pop 4.2 L/100 km: This is the re-born Fiat 500 of
donkey’s years ago, and is the vehicle to be seen in. There is no getting
away from the fact that it looks ‘cute’ in that retro way. So this car has
desirability and efficiency. In fact, official figures place this immensely
appealing and quite practical re-born 500 as the most fuel efficient auto on
the Australian market.
The smallest of the Fiat Group’s turbo diesel, the 1.3 is a shade slow but winds
up nicely to provide a good cruising, despite the engine size. Described as the
DINK’s (double income, no kids) city car par excellence: if the 500 doesn’t
raise a smile, then it’s you that’s wrong.
Citroen C3 Hdi 4.4L/100km: While the French marque’s reputation for
reliability gets nowhere near that of the Japanese, Citroen does chic (after all
it is French) in a way that Toyota does not.
That Prius-equalling consumption is achieved with 65 kW/215 Nm 1.6 liter turbo
diesel that utterly erases the petrol C3s for efficiency and performance;
however, that should not be so earth-chattering, as all diesels are more fuel
efficient than similar capacity petrol engines.
It typifies the “downsizing but up-speccing” paradigm that has seen sales of
light and small cars overwhelm the larger cars in Australia. However, in ‘macho’
Australia the Citroen C3 is thought of as a ‘girl’s car’. Mind you, I have also
described some of the Ferraris of 15 years ago as the ‘fastest girl’s cars on
the planet’ - Porsches are for real men!
Toyota Prius II 4.4L/100km: The world’s most successful automotive
marketing exercise probably to counter its weird styling I felt, but now the
Prius is synonymous with lean and green motoring.
The Australian report went on to say another paradox is that being as visually
appealing as a chunk of cheddar has enhanced rather than damaged its appeal. It
is distinctive and that is what counts. What’s the point of making an
eco-statement if no one knows you’re making one? It is a bit like wetting
yourself in a dark suit. You know what you’ve got, but nobody else does.
The Prius comes into its own in commuter traffic, where the constant throttle
needed to extract the best return from diesel can be hard to maintain. It is
dull to drive in the typical Toyota fashion, but it is by no means awful with
quite responsive and reasonably direct handling. Our motoring editor at large,
John Weinthal, has driven one and actually enjoyed it, which must say something
for the Toyota Prius 11. Too dear, though, even down under, while here the grey
market has the Prius 11 at over two million baht. When you can buy a Jazz or a
Vios for under one third of that price, who, other than dedicated
environmentalists, will pay that sort of premium?
Fiat Punto 1.3 JTD 4.5L/100km: Rather more practical than the 500, the
larger Fiat achieves its frugal consumption via a robotised six-speed sequential
manual; one that does without a clutch pedal and provides an automatic drive
mode, minimizing the emission spikes that occur when gear changing in a
If you can do without the rear seat headroom and don’t mind joining a queue,
take the 500. Fiat have invested too much in the 500 for it to flop.
Audi A3 1.9 TDIe 4.5L/100km: This hugely efficient and incredibly clean
(119g of CO2/km) turbo diesel is absolutely a Prius rival, both in terms of its
consumption figures and being madly over-priced.
An eco-conscience can come with a considerable cost but, in this instance, at
least you get a decent badge for your dollars (never mind that it’s all
Volkswagen Golf underneath, which we don’t get here either).
On the basis of other Golf/A3 diesels, the 77 kW/250 Nm provided by this unit
promises to make being green slightly easier to bear.
Citroen C4 SX Hdi 4.5L/100km: Again you’ve got to go for the
sequential/robotised transmission to realize this figure from the 1.6 liter 80
kW/240 Nm diesel - which is certainly no hardship these days. For a city car,
and Thailand traffic, why would you ever want to stir the transmission yourself?
After all, GM gave us the Hydramatic on Oldsmobiles in 1940, and that’s only 68
The passenger room is excellent, but it still has the Citroen stigma, but
apparently could make for a very efficient, cheap to run (fuel-wise at least)
Honda Civic Hybrid 4.6L/100km: A 1.3-litre petrol-electric hybrid that’s
much cheaper than the Prius, the Civic attracts infinitely less attention just
by virtue of the fact it looks like any other Civic, rather than an
advertisement for itself, like the quirky Prius (even the name is ‘prissy’).
Hyundai i30 SX CRDi 4.7L/100km: This little jigger from Hyundai has been
gaining Car of the Year awards, and is part of Hyundai’s resurgence. It has a
responsive 85 kW/245 Nm 1.6 liter diesel, and the i30 is a spacious,
European-designed hatch that dispels any lingering notions about Korean cars. If
such doubts do linger, in Australia it comes with a five year, unlimited
So there you are, some of the world’s best econo-cars, but don’t expect to see
them in a showroom near you any time soon. If you are looking at economy from
your wallet’s point of view, the way to go is diesel. Forget ethanol blends,
which do not return the consumption figures of its gasoline base.